Καλώς ήλθατε

Συνδεθείτε ή εγγραφείτε ως Μέλη, προκειμένου να σχολιάσετε αναρτημένα άρθρα, slides κλπ ή/και να διατυπώσετε τις δικές σας απόψεις για οποιοδήποτε θέμα τεχνικού ενδιαφέροντος.

Δευτέρα, 20 Νοεμβρίου 2017

Αναλυτική έκθεση για τα διαπιστωμένα αποθέματα, την παραγωγή και την κατανάλωση πετρελαίου και φυσικού αερίου σε όλον τον κόσμο, καθώς και στοιχεία για την παραγωγή ενεργείας από υδροηλεκτρικούς και πυρηνικούς σταθμούς και ΑΠΕ. (το κείμενο είναι στην Αγγλική)

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2014 bp.com/statisticalreview #BPstats Introduction 1 Group chief executive’s introduction 2 2013 in review Oil 6 Reserves 8 Production and consumption 15 Prices 16 Refining 18 Trade movements Natural gas 20Reserves 22Production and consumption 27Prices 28Trade movements Coal 30Reserves and prices 32Production and consumption63rd edition Nuclear energy 35 Consumption Hydroelectricity 36Consumption Renewable energy 38Other renewables consumption 39Biofuels production Primary energy 40Consumption 41 Consumption by fuel Appendices 44Approximate conversion factors 44Definitions 45More information About this reviewFor 63 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided high-quality objective and globally consistent data on world energy markets. The review is one of the most widely respected and authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy companies. A new edition is published every June.Find more online Key information The website contains all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras, including:• Historical data from 1965 for many sections. • Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, electricity and renewables.• oil, natural gas and LNG conversion An calculator.• versions and PowerPoint slide packs of PDF The BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014 is available online at bp.com/statisticalreviewthe charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the data.• Regional factsheets. • Videos and speeches.Other features include: Energy economics blog Regular blogs on energy economics. bp.com/energyeconomics Energy Outlook Watch the BP Energy Outlook 2035 – January 2014 video, containing our projections of long-term energy trends. bp.com/energyoutlook Charting tool You can view predetermined reports or chart specific data according to energy type, region and year. bp.com/statisticalreview Join the conversation #BPstatsDisclaimer The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2014 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data. Group chief executive’s introduction Energy in 2013 – energy markets reflect broader themes.Welcome to the 63rd edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. The world of energy in 2013 echoed broader global themes – such as emerging differences in global economic performance, geopolitical uncertainty and ongoing debates about the proper roles of government and markets. These are important issues, and ones over which opinions vary widely, and legitimately. It has been said that everyone is entitled to their own opinion, but not their own facts. And that is where the Statistical Review comes in: since 1952, its mission has always been to provide objective, global data on energy markets to inform discussion, debate and decision-making. This first snap-shot of the global energy picture in 2013 – together with the historical data that puts today’s information into context – can help us to understand how the world around us is changing. The year 2013 saw an acceleration in the growth of global energy consumption, despite a stagnant global economy. Economic growth remained weak nearly everywhere and relative to recent history it was weaker in the emerging non-OECD economies. In line with that economic pattern, energy consumption growth was below average in the non-OECD, driven by China, and above average in the mature economies of the OECD, driven by the US. Emerging economies nonetheless continue to dominate global energy demand, accounting for 80% of growth last year and nearly 100% of growth over the past decade. While consumption growth accelerated globally, it has remained below average – this is again, consistent with the weak global economic picture. Regionally, energy consumption growth was below average everywhere except North America. EU consumption continued to decline, hitting the lowest level since 1995 (despite economic growth of 35% over this period). Energy production continued to be impacted by geopolitical events. Oil production in Libya suffered the world’s largest decline in the face of renewed civil unrest and the production of oil and gas was disrupted in a number of other countries as well. In the face of these disruptions and heightened risks to supply, average oil prices exceeded $100 per barrel for a third consecutive year, despite massive supply growth in the US. Supply developments also highlighted the importance of our third topic, namely to get the balance right between policy and market forces. Driven by massive investment in shale and other ‘tight’ formations, the US saw the world’s largest increase in oil production last year, offsetting the numerous disruptions seen elsewhere andkeeping prices stable. Indeed, the US increase in 2013 was one of the biggest oil production increases the world has ever seen. Elsewhere, and after global coal prices have fallen for two years in a row, coal is extending its competitive edge in power generation and the competitive balance has begun to shift. Coal was the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with China and India combined accounting for 88% of global growth, while natural gas consumption growth decelerated and grew at a below-average rate. As was the case for total energy, gas consumption growth was below average in all regions except North America, which continues to enjoy the cheapest prices among international markets. The importance of policy is also apparent in the strength of renewable forms of energy, which continued to grow robustly, albeit from a low base. Renewables now account for more than 5% of global power output and nearly 3% of primary energy consumption. The challenge of sustaining expensive subsidy regimes, however, has become visible where penetration rates are highest, namely the below-average growth of Europe’s leading renewable producers, who are grappling with weak economic growth and strained budgets. Once again, the data in this review shows a flexible global energy system adapting to a changing world. It demonstrates how the world’s quest for secure and fairly-priced energy can be met through competitive industries driving innovation and smart government policies that amplify the creative ‘energy’. At BP we remain focused on how to lead this process, delivering the growing energy requirements of our customers, safely and sustainably. We do this by investing in our people and world-leading technology, while exercising the capital discipline sought by our investors. I hope you will find this year’s Statistical Review a useful resource for a global perspective on energy. In concluding, let me thank BP’s economics team and all those around the world who have helped prepare this review – in particular those in governments in many countries who contribute their official data.Bob Dudley Group Chief Executive June 20141 2013 in review Global primary energy consumption accelerated in 2013 despite stagnant global economic growth.China’s Hong Kong skyline. China was the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy overall in 2013.+2.3% Growth in global primary energy consumption.2Natural gas prices rose in North America (for the first time since 2010) and the UK, but fell elsewhere. As with Brent – WTI, differentials between North American and international gas prices generally narrowed but remained elevated. Coal prices declined in all regions for a second consecutive year.Emerging economies dominated global growth again, but the increase was below the ten-year average in these countries, and above average in the OECD. China once again had the largest growth increment, followed by the US. Consumption in the EU and Japan fell to the lowest levels since 1995 and 1993 respectively.  The Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge in Brazil – 24% of the world’s biofuels were produced in the country in 2013, making it the second largest producer.Consumption and production increased for all fuels, reaching record levels for every fuel type except nuclear power. For each of the fossil fuels, global consumption rose more rapidly than production. The data suggests that growth in global CO2 emissions from energy use also accelerated in 2013, although it remained below average.Global primary energy consumption increased by 2.3% in 2013, an acceleration over 2012 (+1.8%). Growth in 2013 accelerated for oil, coal, and nuclear power. But global growth remained below the 10-year average of 2.5%. All fuels except oil, nuclear power and renewables in power generation grew at below-average rates. Growth was below average for all regions except North America. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, with 32.9% of global energy consumption, but it also continued to lose market share for the fourteenth consecutive year and its current market share is once again the lowest in our data set, which begins in 1965.Energy price developments in 2013 were mixed, generally rising in North America (except for coal) and falling elsewhere. The annual average price for Brent, the international crude oil benchmark, declined for the first time since 2009 but remained near record levels (in money-of-the-day as well as inflation-adjusted terms). This was the third consecutive year with the Brent average price above $100 per barrel. Crude oil prices weakened in early 2013 amid strong growth of oil production in the US, but rebounded later in the year due to a range of supply disruptions and cold weather that boosted demand growth. The differential between Brent and the US benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) narrowed but remained elevated.Energy developmentsEmerging economies accounted for 80% of the global increase in energy consumption – even though growth in these countries was a below average 3.1%. OECD consumption rose by an above-average 1.2%. Robust US growth (+2.9%) accounted for all of the net increase in the OECD and consumption in the EU and Japan fell by 0.3% and 0.6%, respectively. Spain (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric decline in energy consumption. Oil+1.1m b/d Growth of US oil production, the largest in the world.6.3m b/d China’s net oil imports, the world’s second largest.PricesDated Brent averaged $108.66 per barrel in 2013, a decline of $3.01 per barrel from the 2012 level. WTI continued to trade at a large discount to Brent ($10.67 per barrel), driven by growing US production. Since 2011, the WTI discount has averaged $14.81 per barrel, compared with an average premium of $1.39 per barrel for the preceding decade.Consumption and productionGlobal oil consumption grew by 1.4 million barrels per day (b/d), or 1.4% – this is just above the historical average. Countries outside the OECD now account for the majority (51%) of global oil consumption and they once again accounted for all of the net growth in global consumption. OECD consumption declined by 0.4%, the seventh decrease in the past eight years. The US (+400,000 b/d) recorded the largest increment to global oil consumption in 2013, outpacing Chinese growth (+390,000 b/d) for the first time since 1999. Light distillates were the fastest-growing refined product category by volume. Global oil production did not keep pace with the growth in global consumption, rising by just 550,000 b/d or 0.6%. The US (+1.1 million b/d) recorded the largest growth in the world and the largest annual increment in the country’s history for a second consecutive year. The US accounted for nearly all (97%) of the non-OPEC output increase of 1.1 million b/d (the strongest since 2002) to reach a record 49.9 million b/d. Increases in Canada (+210,000 b/d) and Russia (+150,000b/d) offset declines in Syria (-120,000 b/d), the UK and Norway (-80,000 b/d each) and Australia (-70,000 b/d). OPEC output fell by 600,000 b/d, the first decline since 2009. Declines in Libya (-520,000 b/d), Iran (-190,000 b/d), Saudi Arabia (-110,000 b/d) and Nigeria (-100,000 b/d) outweighed an increase in the UAE (+250,000 b/d).Refining and tradeGlobal refinery crude runs increased by a below-average 390,000 b/d or 0.5%. Non-OECD countries accounted for all of the net increase, rising by 730,000 b/d. OECD throughputs declined by 340,000 b/d, the seventh decline in the past nine years despite an increase of 320,000 b/d in US refinery runs, as the US continued to ramp up net product exports. Global refinery capacity utilization declined to 80.4%, the lowest since 1987, while global refining capacity increased by a robust 1.4 million b/d, with large capacity additions in China and Saudi Arabia outpacing capacity reductions in the Atlantic Basin and Japan. Global oil trade in 2013 grew by 1.7% or 0.9 million b/d – among importers, growth in Europe and emerging economies more than offset declines in the US and Japan. At 55.7 million b/d, trade accounted for 61.0% of global consumption, up from 58.3% a decade ago. US net imports fell by 1.4 million b/d to 6.5 million b/d – just over half the level of net imports seen in 2005 and the lowest level since 1988.The Trans-Alaska Pipeline is more than 800 miles long and transports oil between Prudhoe Bay and Valdez in the US.3 Natural gas+2.7% Growth in North American gas consumption, the only region with above-average growth.+1.1% Growth in global gas production.Consumption and productionWorld natural gas consumption grew by 1.4%, below the historical average of 2.6%. And, as was the case for primary energy, consumption growth was above average in the OECD countries (+1.8%) and below average outside the OECD (+1.1%). Growth was below average in every region except North America. China (+10.8%) and the US (+2.4%) recorded the largest growth increments in the world, together accounting for 81% of global growth. India (-12.2%) recorded the largest volumetric decline in the world, while EU gas consumption fell to the lowest level since 1999. Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.7% of primary energy consumption. Global natural gas production grew by 1.1%, which was well below the 10-year average of 2.5%. Growth was below average in all regions except Europe and Eurasia. The US (+1.3%) remained the world’s leading producer, but both Russia (+2.4%) and China (+9.5%) recorded larger growth increments in 2013. Nigeria (-16.4%), India (-16.3%), and Norway (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric declines.The Min Rong tanker berthed at Tangguh liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Indonesia. Indonesia is the second largest natural gas producer in Asia. The Shah Deniz platform in the Caspian Sea. Natural gas is the leading fuel in Europe and Eurasia.4TradeGlobal natural gas trade grew by 1.8% in 2013, well below the historical average of 5.2%. Pipeline shipments grew by 2.3%, driven by a 12% increase in net Russian exports, which offset declines in Algeria (-17.9%), Norway (-4.5%) and Canada (-5.5%). Among importers, growth in Germany (+14%) and China (+32.4%) more than offset a continued decline in the US (-10.9%). Global LNG trade rebounded by 0.6% in 2013. Increased imports in South Korea (+10.7%), China (+22.9%), and South and Central American importers (+44.7%) were partially offset by lower imports in Spain (-35.6%), the UK (-31.9%) and France (-19.4%). Qatar remained the largest LNG exporter (32% of global exports), and accounted for the largest growth increment (+2.7%). LNG’s share of global gas trade declined slightly to 31.4% – and international natural gas trade accounted for 30.9% of global consumption. Other fuelsGoshen Wind Farm in Idaho. Global wind power generation grew by 21% in 2013. Coal ready for shipping. Coal was the fastest growing fossil fuel and its consumption grew by 3% in 2013.+3.0% Growth in global coal consumption, the fastest growing fossil fuel.+0.9% Growth in global nuclear output, the first increase since 2010.5.3% Share of global power generation met by renewables.CoalCoal consumption grew by 3% in 2013, well below the 10-year average of 3.9% but it is still the fastest-growing fossil fuel. Coal’s share of global primary energy consumption reached 30.1%, the highest since 1970. Consumption outside the OECD rose by a below-average 3.7%, but still accounted for 89% of global growth. China recorded the weakest absolute growth since 2008 but the country still accounted for 67% of global growth. India experienced its second largest volumetric increase on record and accounted for 21% of global growth. OECD consumption increased by 1.4%, with increases in the US and Japan offsetting declines in the EU. Global coal production grew by 0.8%, the weakest growth since 2002. Indonesia (+9.4%) and Australia (+7.3%) offset a decline in the US (-3.1%), while China (+1.2%) recorded the weakest volumetric growth in production since 2000.Nuclear and hydroelectric In detail Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this review; further detail on renewable forms of energy; electricity generation; and CO2 emissions from energy use – is available at bp.com/statisticalreviewGlobal nuclear output grew by 0.9%, the first increase since 2010. Increases in the US, China and Canada were partly offset by declines in South Korea, Ukraine, Spain and Russia. Japanese output fell by 18.6% and has fallen by 95% since 2010. Nuclear output accounted for 4.4% of global energy consumption, the smallest share since 1984.Global hydroelectric output grew by a belowaverage 2.9%. Led by China and India, the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 78% of global growth. Drought conditions reduced output in Brazil by 7% and in Finland, Norway and Sweden by a combined 14.5%. Hydroelectric output accounted for 6.7% of global energy consumption.RenewablesRenewable energy sources – in power generation as well as transport – continued to increase in 2013, reaching a record 2.7% of global energy consumption, up from 0.8% a decade ago. Renewable energy used in power generation grew by 16.3% and accounted for a record 5.3% of global power generation. China recorded the largest incremental growth in renewables, followed by the US, while growth in Europe’s leading players – Germany, Spain and Italy – was below average. Globally, wind energy (+20.7%) once again accounted for more than half of renewable power generation growth and solar power generation grew even more rapidly (+33%), but from a smaller base. Global biofuels production grew by a below-average 6.1% (80,000 b/doe), driven by increases in the two largest producers: Brazil (+16.8%) and the US (+4.6%).Acknowledgements We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation.5   Oil Proved reserves At end 1993 Thousand million barrelsUS Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union# Former Soviet Union Canadian oil sands: Total of which: Under active development Venezuela: Orinoco Belt *More than 100 years.At end 2003 Thousand million barrelsAt end 2012 Thousand million barrelsThousand million tonnes30.2 39.5 50.8 120.5 2.2 5.0 3.2 3.7 0.8 0.6 64.4 0.9 80.7 n/a 0.7 0.6 n/a 9.6 1.0 n/a n/a 4.5 n/a 61.8 78.3 92.9 100.0 96.5 5.0 3.1 261.4 3.0 98.1 2.0 0.1 661.9 9.2 1.9 – 0.7 3.4 0.3 0.7 22.8 21.0 – 0.3 0.4 0.6 61.2 3.3 1.3 16.4 5.9 5.2 5.0 0.2 0.6 1.1 38.8 1041.4 140.8 900.6 774.9 206.3 8.1 60.1 32.3 2.9 –29.4 180.4 16.0 225.8 2.7 10.6 1.5 5.1 0.9 0.9 77.2 1.5 100.4 7.0 1.3 0.8 9.0 10.1 0.5 79.0 0.5 4.3 0.6 2.3 115.5 133.3 115.0 99.0 5.6 27.0 262.7 2.4 97.8 2.8 0.1 745.7 11.8 8.8 0.9 1.5 3.5 1.3 2.3 39.1 35.3 – 0.6 0.6 0.6 106.2 3.7 1.0 15.5 5.7 4.7 4.8 0.5 3.0 1.4 40.5 1334.1 247.5 1086.6 912.1 325.2 8.0 96.8 174.4 10.8 –44.2 174.3 11.4 229.9 2.4 15.3 2.2 8.4 1.4 0.8 297.6 0.5 328.6 7.0 0.7 1.4 30.0 9.2 0.6 92.1 0.6 3.0 0.6 2.1 147.4 157.0 150.0 101.5 5.5 25.2 265.9 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.3 808.7 12.2 12.7 1.5 1.6 4.2 1.7 2.0 48.5 37.1 3.5 1.5 0.4 3.7 130.6 3.9 1.1 18.1 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 42.1 1687.3 249.6 1437.7 1213.8 342.6 6.8 130.9 167.8 25.9 220.05.4 28.1 1.5 35.0 0.3 2.3 0.3 1.2 0.2 0.1 46.6 0.1 51.1 1.0 0.1 0.2 3.9 1.0 0.1 12.7 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 19.9 21.6 20.2 14.0 0.7 2.6 36.5 0.3 13.0 0.4 † 109.4 1.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 6.3 5.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 17.3 0.4 0.1 2.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 5.6 238.2 37.3 200.9 170.2 50.1 0.9 17.9 27.3 4.2 35.4At end 2013 Thousand million Share barrels of total44.2 174.3 11.1 229.6 2.4 15.6 2.4 8.2 1.4 0.8 298.3 0.5 329.6 7.0 0.7 1.4 30.0 8.7 0.6 93.0 0.6 3.0 0.6 2.2 147.8 157.0 150.0 101.5 5.5 25.1 265.9 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.3 808.5 12.2 12.7 1.5 1.6 3.9 1.7 2.0 48.5 37.1 3.5 1.5 0.4 3.7 130.3 4.0 1.1 18.1 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 42.1 1687.9 248.8 1439.1 1214.2 341.9 6.8 131.8 167.8 25.9 220.52.6% 10.3% 0.7% 13.6% 0.1% 0.9% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% ◆17.7% ◆19.5% 0.4% ◆0.1% 1.8% 0.5% ◆5.5% ◆0.2% ◆0.1% 8.8% 9.3% 8.9% 6.0% 0.3% 1.5% 15.8% 0.1% 5.8% 0.2% ◆47.9% 0.7% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 2.9% 2.2% 0.2% 0.1% ◆0.2% 7.7% 0.2% 0.1% 1.1% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% ◆0.3% 0.1% 2.5% 100.0% 14.7% 85.3% 71.9% 20.3% 0.4% 7.8%R/P ratio12.1 * 10.6 37.4 9.8 20.2 6.5 42.6 37.5 19.2 * 9.6 * 21.9 10.3 32.7 46.0 12.9 19.0 23.6 7.1 9.6 25.9 15.1 23.5 * * 89.0 16.0 34.4 63.2 * 73.5 51.2 3.4 78.1 21.2 19.3 43.5 15.6 15.0 15.0 23.1 * 43.8 96.9 33.7 18.7 47.7 40.5 26.1 22.3 11.9 17.5 11.6 15.3 2.5 34.5 11.2 14.0 53.3 33.2 59.5 90.3 26.0 13.0 26.0†Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. #Excludes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1993. Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian and Chinese reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian oil sands ‘under active development’ are an official estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil. Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.6 Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios YearsHistory2013 by region 150160North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World120150 140 130 120 110 1009090 80 70 6060 50 403030 20 10North AmericaS. & Cent. AmericaEurope & EurasiaMiddle EastAfricaAsia Pacific0838893980308130Total world proved oil reserves reached 1687.9 billion barrels at the end of 2013, sufficient to meet 53.3 years of global production. The largest additions to reserves came from Russia, adding 900 million barrels and Venezuela adding 800 million barrels. OPEC members continue to hold the majority of reserves, accounting for 71.9% of the global total. South & Central America continues to hold the highest R/P ratio. Over the past decade, global proved reserves have increased by 27%, or over 350 billion barrels.Distribution of proved reserves in 1993, 2003 and 2013 PercentageMiddle East S. & Cent. America North America Europe & Eurasia Africa Asia Pacific2.547.97.73.055.9 8.88.05.93.7 63.62003 Total 1334.1 thousand million barrels7.511.62013 Total 1687.9 thousand million barrels8.71993 Total 1041.4 thousand million barrels13.616.9 7.7 7.5 19.57 Production* Thousand barrels dailyUS Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union20032004200520062007200820092010201120127362 3003 3795 14160 900 1548 541 420 89 175 2868 149 6691 308 368 116 1111 3264 124 8602 203 2296 151 495 17037 4002 1344 2370 822 949 10141 652 2722 451 48 23501 1826 870 24 208 750 291 274 1485 2233 – 262 68 141 8431 664 214 3406 802 1176 760 244 361 192 7819 77639 21214 56425 31231 35879 3185 105307244 3080 3830 14154 868 1537 528 528 86 165 3305 144 7161 309 390 113 1283 3180 120 9335 194 2064 138 482 17608 4201 2030 2523 783 1082 10458 487 2836 424 48 24873 1921 1103 168 217 701 399 273 1623 2430 – 291 71 165 9361 582 210 3486 816 1130 776 241 424 233 7898 81054 20813 60241 34040 35601 2955 114146903 3041 3766 13709 839 1699 526 534 92 181 3308 146 7325 445 377 127 1330 2961 114 9598 193 1843 115 454 17557 4184 1833 2668 777 1149 10931 448 2922 421 185 25518 1990 1404 173 239 672 429 270 1745 2502 – 294 73 172 9962 580 206 3642 785 1096 757 297 389 284 8035 82107 19902 62204 35170 35102 2708 118356828 3208 3689 13725 838 1804 529 538 97 193 3336 140 7474 646 342 120 1403 2772 105 9818 187 1666 114 445 17619 4260 1999 2737 738 1241 10671 421 3099 387 182 25734 1979 1421 153 271 704 417 242 1816 2392 – 356 70 224 10045 542 221 3711 809 1018 713 325 355 303 7996 82593 19465 63129 35489 34786 2468 123186862 3290 3479 13631 813 1833 531 513 96 166 3230 139 7322 856 311 122 1453 2551 100 10044 199 1659 104 442 17840 4303 2143 2663 710 1279 10268 404 3001 341 194 25305 1992 1684 144 221 698 430 246 1820 2265 – 483 97 193 10274 559 194 3742 809 972 742 341 334 318 8011 82383 19151 63233 35161 34420 2425 128036783 3207 3165 13156 772 1895 588 507 99 174 3222 138 7394 895 287 108 1526 2466 99 9950 208 1555 102 420 17617 4396 2428 2786 757 1449 10663 406 3026 315 192 26417 1969 1901 127 235 715 412 240 1820 2113 – 457 89 190 10268 547 175 3814 809 1006 741 362 311 338 8103 82955 18440 64515 36279 33852 2264 128247263 3202 2978 13444 743 2024 671 488 107 153 3033 129 7348 1014 265 95 1664 2349 94 10139 211 1477 95 409 17812 4249 2452 2511 813 1416 9663 401 2723 306 192 24726 1775 1804 118 269 730 366 241 1652 2211 – 475 83 183 9908 512 168 3805 796 994 701 376 342 330 8025 81262 18445 62818 33978 34016 2127 132697552 3332 2959 13843 722 2137 786 488 113 148 2838 134 7367 1023 249 106 1740 2136 90 10365 217 1361 78 394 17759 4356 2490 2536 865 1676 10075 385 2895 291 192 25761 1689 1863 122 294 725 326 255 1658 2523 – 462 80 167 10163 560 172 4077 873 1003 703 388 312 315 8404 83296 18547 64750 35088 34650 1987 135587868 3515 2940 14323 687 2193 915 501 110 140 2766 137 7448 919 225 110 1758 2040 89 10510 217 1116 77 394 17452 4358 2801 2880 885 1836 11144 327 3319 228 201 27980 1642 1726 114 302 714 298 254 479 2460 – 291 68 232 8580 500 165 4074 903 952 640 414 317 300 8266 84049 18601 65448 35911 34529 1724 136098892 3740 2911 15543 665 2149 944 505 107 120 2643 140 7274 872 204 112 1724 1917 83 10643 222 949 68 390 17184 3751 3116 3165 918 1966 11635 171 3399 180 183 28484 1537 1784 101 289 715 316 245 1509 2417 31 103 67 233 9349 489 159 4155 894 918 670 450 348 285 8370 86204 19492 66712 37427 35122 1528 13655Change 2013 over 2012 201310003 3948 2875 16826 656 2114 1004 527 104 118 2623 146 7293 877 178 116 1785 1837 87 10788 231 866 63 398 17226 3558 3141 3126 942 1995 11525 56 3646 161 208 28358 1575 1801 94 281 714 311 237 988 2322 99 122 62 211 8818 416 135 4180 894 882 657 459 350 260 8232 86754 20523 66230 36829 36062 1437 1386313.5% 6.0% -1.1% 8.7% -1.5% -1.7% 6.3% 4.5% -4.0% -1.2% -0.8% 3.0% 0.2% 0.4% -12.8% 3.3% 3.5% -4.4% 4.0% 1.3% 4.1% -8.6% -7.1% 2.4% 0.2% -6.0% 0.8% -1.3% 2.7% 1.3% -1.1% -67.3% 7.4% -11.5% 13.5% -0.7% 2.7% 0.8% -6.3% -2.9% -0.3% -1.8% -3.3% -34.5% -4.0% 219.4% 18.3% -7.2% -10.0% -5.7% -16.8% -15.3% 0.6% 0.1% -4.0% -2.2% 1.8% 0.4% -8.5% -1.7% 0.6% 5.6% -0.8% -1.8% 2.7% -5.8% 1.4%2013 share of total10.8% 4.7% 3.4% 18.9% 0.7% 2.7% 1.3% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.3% 0.2% 9.1% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.0% 0.1% 12.9% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 20.2% 4.0% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.1% 0.1% 4.0% 0.2% 0.2% 32.2% 1.7% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.8% 0.4% 0.3% 1.1% 2.7% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.1% 0.4% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.5% 100.0% 23.0% 77.0% 42.1% 41.4% 1.7% 16.4%*Includes crude oil, tight oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and derivatives of coal and natural gas. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.8 Consumption* Thousand barrels dailyUS Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union200320042005200620072008200920102011201220033 2228 1909 24170 405 1973 228 222 151 139 24 506 1224 4872 292 84 163 688 95 184 188 235 1952 2648 396 131 175 1900 183 50 946 232 441 311 194 2679 70 1539 367 257 649 110 295 1723 145 567 19888 1508 267 334 95 1780 453 1233 5670 230 540 497 1388 2654 854 83 5771 269 2485 1222 5456 620 146 319 329 688 2340 1012 844 220 304 22962 80216 48934 31282 14866 381420732 2309 1983 25023 425 2050 244 225 155 152 25 545 1235 5056 283 88 162 680 92 202 185 221 1963 2619 426 136 181 1850 196 53 983 221 469 315 224 2660 67 1575 362 255 660 112 310 1766 146 600 20063 1548 251 374 106 1913 484 1265 5941 239 556 513 1464 2771 865 86 6740 313 2556 1299 5308 633 147 324 336 761 2294 1056 911 263 309 24202 83055 49713 33342 15002 384020802 2288 2030 25119 449 2097 250 230 169 152 26 606 1221 5200 287 106 151 679 102 210 187 229 1946 2592 424 158 191 1798 204 57 1039 224 487 324 218 2679 80 1594 358 260 665 113 296 1806 103 623 20187 1699 257 411 120 2012 493 1343 6335 250 617 518 1535 2920 897 89 6945 285 2606 1285 5391 637 150 311 314 828 2312 1054 943 258 325 24629 84389 50078 34311 15123 382920687 2295 2019 25002 471 2134 278 235 180 147 29 633 1235 5340 291 96 176 671 105 207 190 222 1942 2609 442 168 191 1791 210 58 1047 229 512 294 214 2761 72 1592 358 266 698 109 308 1788 103 637 20357 1843 251 378 135 2083 527 1238 6456 258 602 528 1539 2927 930 89 7500 305 2737 1247 5210 660 152 354 284 883 2320 1053 944 254 323 25244 85325 49888 35437 15122 394320680 2361 2067 25109 523 2286 358 234 183 153 34 640 1250 5661 276 91 162 676 103 205 191 223 1911 2380 435 168 195 1740 233 58 1065 237 531 296 218 2777 76 1613 357 241 718 115 318 1716 94 660 20082 1874 264 383 153 2201 565 1314 6755 286 642 556 1584 3068 937 86 7860 324 2941 1299 5053 701 153 387 301 961 2399 1111 942 283 342 26080 86754 49690 37064 14802 399319490 2315 2054 23860 535 2439 372 233 188 172 37 716 1190 5881 274 74 159 747 102 209 188 222 1889 2502 425 164 187 1661 229 63 991 228 549 278 216 2862 82 1557 350 256 684 119 301 1683 92 670 20013 1959 259 405 173 2376 586 1448 7206 309 687 536 1704 3235 950 86 7994 293 3077 1294 4882 672 154 388 266 1013 2308 1005 944 300 324 25952 86147 48085 38062 14710 404018771 2190 1995 22957 525 2467 367 239 191 176 35 727 1186 5913 264 73 183 650 92 204 169 209 1822 2409 405 154 166 1563 188 54 971 236 549 263 195 2772 79 1473 323 260 707 110 282 1610 89 658 19181 2011 244 454 172 2592 566 1468 7508 327 726 510 1744 3306 937 77 8306 334 3237 1334 4422 679 147 414 283 1077 2339 982 1024 313 342 26247 85111 46057 39054 13977 388719180 2316 2014 23510 571 2669 329 250 220 187 39 691 1199 6155 276 71 152 672 82 195 171 219 1763 2445 365 146 158 1532 196 55 977 235 576 259 184 2892 82 1394 336 242 694 123 268 1588 77 662 19087 1873 236 487 193 2803 630 1546 7767 327 766 559 1827 3479 953 88 9317 362 3319 1449 4474 689 151 411 285 1190 2370 1011 1043 337 352 27802 87801 46509 41292 13827 398418882 2404 2042 23329 585 2730 355 269 226 203 35 689 1212 6306 258 89 175 662 80 193 168 204 1742 2369 347 140 141 1475 256 53 971 240 574 240 191 3089 81 1377 311 235 672 130 279 1532 72 664 19009 1909 249 466 237 2847 718 1577 8004 345 720 577 1733 3374 1000 113 9867 363 3488 1572 4470 718 150 417 281 1242 2394 946 1119 366 406 28912 88934 46040 42894 13455 429318490 2394 2063 22948 613 2807 368 285 233 212 35 712 1212 6478 258 92 175 631 82 191 159 190 1689 2356 310 128 134 1346 274 55 926 235 553 226 191 3212 74 1285 309 238 678 134 267 1520 69 649 18636 1927 289 490 248 2989 748 1661 8353 368 746 572 1833 3519 1027 118 10367 347 3685 1597 4709 712 148 402 283 1239 2458 934 1191 371 409 29997 89931 45545 44386 12946 4434Change 2013 over 2012 201318887 2385 2020 23292 636 2973 377 297 248 224 38 777 1206 6775 259 101 177 654 86 184 160 188 1683 2382 287 131 140 1308 287 55 898 241 524 228 188 3313 73 1200 305 249 714 137 260 1503 70 661 18645 2002 231 494 267 3075 773 1683 8526 386 757 570 1911 3624 1026 116 10756 354 3727 1623 4551 725 151 445 298 1259 2460 977 1211 378 412 30470 91331 45558 45773 12770 45592.0% -0.5% -2.6% 1.3% 3.6% 5.8% 2.0% 4.0% 6.3% 5.3% 6.3% 10.2% -1.0% 4.4% 0.6% 9.8% 0.7% 2.5% 4.2% -3.9% 0.5% -1.7% -0.6% 0.9% -7.1% 1.6% 4.7% -3.6% 5.9% 1.4% -4.9% 1.0% -6.2% -0.8% -1.7% 3.1% -1.3% -7.3% -2.0% 5.0% 5.7% 2.8% -2.7% -1.4% 2.1% 1.6% -0.4% 4.0% -21.9% 1.2% 7.1% 3.1% 4.2% 1.5% 2.2% 5.0% 1.5% -0.1% 4.6% 3.2% -0.4% -1.7% 3.8% 2.6% 1.2% 1.1% -3.8% 2.0% 2.1% 10.3% 5.5% 1.1% ◆3.9% 2.0% 2.0% 0.8% 1.5% 1.4% -0.4% 3.1% -1.9% 2.8%2013 share of total19.9% 2.5% 2.1% 24.5% 0.7% 3.2% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ♦0.9% 1.4% 7.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 1.9% 2.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.1% 1.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.0% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.2% 0.9% 1.9% 9.2% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.2% 4.1% 1.1% 0.1% 12.1% 0.4% 4.2% 1.8% 5.0% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.2% 0.4% 0.5% 33.8% 100.0% 49.2% 50.8% 14.5% 5.1%*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.◆ ess L9 Production* Million tonnesUS Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union2003200420052006200720082009201020112012332.3 140.2 188.2 660.7 42.8 81.1 28.5 22.5 4.6 8.7 147.5 7.8 343.3 15.4 17.9 5.6 52.4 153.9 5.9 425.7 10.0 106.1 7.1 24.0 823.9 198.5 66.0 115.6 40.7 43.8 486.2 32.4 126.2 21.2 2.3 1133.0 79.0 42.8 1.2 10.7 37.1 14.0 13.7 69.8 109.0 – 12.9 3.2 7.0 400.4 29.7 10.5 169.6 37.3 57.6 35.4 9.5 17.6 8.8 376.2 3737.5 990.8 2746.7 1506.9 1712.8 149.3 517.8325.1 144.8 190.0 659.9 40.9 80.6 27.9 28.3 4.4 8.2 170.1 7.4 367.8 15.5 19.1 5.5 60.6 150.3 5.7 463.3 9.6 95.4 6.6 23.4 854.8 208.2 99.9 123.4 38.9 50.0 500.4 24.3 132.0 20.0 2.3 1199.4 83.6 54.5 8.8 11.2 34.8 18.9 13.7 76.5 119.0 – 14.4 3.4 8.2 447.0 25.9 10.3 174.1 38.2 55.6 36.3 9.3 20.7 10.4 380.8 3909.6 972.2 2937.5 1645.9 1701.0 138.8 562.7309.1 142.3 186.5 637.9 39.4 88.7 27.7 28.6 4.5 9.0 169.7 7.4 374.9 22.2 18.4 6.1 62.6 138.7 5.4 474.8 9.5 84.7 5.4 22.0 850.0 206.4 89.9 130.4 38.5 52.6 521.3 22.3 135.8 19.8 9.1 1226.0 86.4 68.9 9.1 12.3 33.2 20.0 13.5 82.2 122.1 – 14.5 3.4 8.6 474.1 25.5 10.1 181.4 36.6 53.7 34.6 11.4 19.0 12.4 384.6 3947.5 926.3 3021.2 1694.2 1671.5 126.7 581.8304.7 150.6 182.5 637.8 39.1 93.7 27.9 28.8 4.6 9.6 171.0 7.1 381.8 32.3 16.7 5.8 66.1 129.0 5.0 485.6 9.2 76.6 5.4 21.7 853.4 209.2 98.0 133.7 36.5 56.8 508.9 21.0 144.3 18.1 8.9 1235.6 86.2 69.3 8.0 14.0 34.5 19.3 12.1 85.3 116.6 – 17.5 3.3 11.2 477.2 23.7 10.8 184.8 37.8 50.2 32.7 12.5 17.2 13.1 382.8 3968.7 904.2 3064.5 1708.2 1654.9 115.5 605.6305.2 155.3 172.2 632.7 38.0 95.2 28.0 27.5 4.6 8.2 165.5 7.1 374.1 42.6 15.2 5.9 68.4 118.6 4.7 496.8 9.8 76.6 4.9 21.6 865.1 210.9 105.1 129.9 35.2 57.9 488.9 20.1 139.6 15.9 9.5 1213.0 86.5 82.1 7.5 11.4 33.8 19.9 12.3 85.3 110.2 – 23.8 4.6 9.7 486.9 24.7 9.5 186.3 37.9 47.8 33.8 13.2 16.3 13.9 383.4 3955.3 889.3 3066.0 1689.2 1636.6 113.9 629.4302.3 152.9 156.9 612.0 36.5 98.8 31.1 27.2 4.7 8.7 165.6 7.1 379.6 44.5 14.0 5.2 72.0 114.7 4.7 493.7 10.3 71.7 4.8 20.6 856.3 214.5 119.3 136.1 37.6 65.0 509.9 20.3 141.4 14.8 9.5 1268.3 85.6 93.1 6.7 12.1 34.7 19.3 12.0 85.5 102.8 – 22.6 4.2 9.5 488.1 24.3 8.6 190.4 37.9 49.4 34.0 14.0 15.2 14.8 388.8 3993.2 857.8 3135.4 1746.0 1615.1 106.3 632.0322.4 152.8 146.7 621.9 34.9 105.6 35.3 26.1 4.8 7.6 155.7 6.6 376.6 50.4 12.9 4.6 78.2 108.7 4.5 500.8 10.4 68.2 4.5 19.9 863.0 205.5 119.9 121.2 40.2 62.4 456.7 20.0 126.2 14.3 9.4 1175.9 77.2 87.6 6.2 13.9 35.3 17.1 12.0 77.4 106.6 – 23.4 4.0 9.2 469.7 22.5 8.3 189.5 37.2 48.4 32.2 14.6 16.7 14.4 383.7 3890.9 853.6 3037.3 1622.6 1617.3 99.8 651.0332.9 160.3 145.6 638.8 34.0 111.4 41.4 26.1 5.1 7.4 145.7 6.9 377.8 50.8 12.2 5.1 81.6 98.8 4.3 511.8 10.7 63.0 3.6 19.2 861.1 208.8 121.5 122.5 42.8 72.1 473.8 19.2 133.3 13.5 9.4 1217.1 73.8 90.5 6.4 15.1 35.0 15.2 12.7 77.7 121.3 – 22.8 3.8 8.3 482.7 24.9 8.5 203.0 40.8 48.6 32.0 14.8 15.3 13.8 401.7 3979.3 857.0 3122.2 1667.2 1647.2 93.4 664.8345.7 169.8 144.5 660.0 32.2 114.2 48.2 26.8 4.9 6.9 141.5 7.0 381.7 45.6 10.9 5.3 82.4 93.8 4.2 518.5 10.7 52.0 3.6 19.2 846.2 208.2 136.7 139.7 43.8 78.2 526.0 16.3 151.3 10.6 9.9 1320.6 71.7 83.8 6.0 15.6 34.6 13.9 12.7 22.5 118.2 – 14.3 3.2 11.5 407.9 22.0 8.1 202.9 42.3 46.3 28.9 15.2 15.5 13.1 394.3 4010.6 858.1 3152.5 1704.4 1639.6 81.6 666.7394.1 182.6 143.9 720.6 31.1 112.2 49.9 27.1 4.8 6.0 136.6 7.1 374.7 43.4 10.0 5.4 81.2 87.2 4.0 526.2 11.0 44.6 3.2 19.2 835.3 177.1 152.5 153.7 45.0 83.3 549.8 8.5 154.7 8.3 9.0 1342.1 67.2 86.9 5.3 15.0 34.7 14.9 12.3 71.1 116.2 1.5 5.1 3.2 11.6 445.0 21.6 7.8 207.5 42.0 44.6 30.3 16.4 17.0 12.5 399.8 4117.4 903.1 3214.3 1776.3 1670.3 72.9 670.8Change 2013 over 2012 2013446.2 193.0 141.8 781.1 30.5 109.9 52.9 28.2 4.6 5.9 135.1 7.3 374.4 43.4 8.7 5.6 83.8 83.2 4.1 531.4 11.4 40.6 2.9 19.6 834.8 166.1 153.2 151.3 46.1 84.2 542.3 2.8 165.7 7.4 10.2 1329.3 68.9 87.4 5.0 14.5 34.5 14.6 11.8 46.5 111.3 4.9 6.0 3.0 10.4 418.6 17.9 6.6 208.1 42.0 42.7 29.6 16.6 17.0 11.4 392.0 4130.2 951.0 3179.2 1740.1 1711.6 68.4 678.513.5% 6.0% -1.1% 8.7% -1.5% -1.7% 6.3% 4.5% -4.0% -1.2% -0.8% 3.0% 0.2% 0.4% -12.8% 3.3% 3.5% -4.4% 4.0% 1.3% 4.1% -8.6% -7.1% 2.4% 0.2% -6.0% 0.8% -1.3% 2.7% 1.3% -1.1% -67.3% 7.4% -11.5% 13.5% -0.7% 2.7% 0.8% -6.3% -2.9% -0.3% -1.8% -3.3% -34.5% -4.0% 219.4% 18.3% -7.2% -10.0% -5.7% -16.8% -15.3% 0.6% 0.1% -4.0% -2.2% 1.8% 0.4% -8.5% -1.7% 0.6% 5.6% -0.8% -1.8% 2.7% -5.8% 1.4%2013 share of total10.8% 4.7% 3.4% 18.9% 0.7% 2.7% 1.3% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.3% 0.2% 9.1% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.0% 0.1% 12.9% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 20.2% 4.0% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.1% 0.1% 4.0% 0.2% 0.2% 32.2% 1.7% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.8% 0.4% 0.3% 1.1% 2.7% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.1% 0.4% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.5% 100.0% 23.0% 77.0% 42.1% 41.4% 1.7% 16.4%*Includes crude oil, tight oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and derivatives of coal and natural gas. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.10 Consumption* Million tonnesUS Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union2003200420052006200720082009201020112012900.7 97.3 85.0 1083.0 18.5 88.7 10.6 10.0 7.0 6.5 1.1 24.1 60.6 227.3 14.2 4.3 8.1 33.8 4.4 8.7 9.2 11.4 93.1 125.1 19.7 6.1 8.5 92.1 8.9 2.4 45.1 10.4 20.2 15.2 9.4 127.3 3.3 76.2 17.7 12.1 30.8 5.0 13.6 79.0 7.3 28.2 950.7 71.3 12.8 15.6 3.1 81.7 22.1 59.3 265.9 10.1 25.9 23.9 66.0 125.9 38.8 4.0 271.7 13.0 116.5 57.9 251.9 27.6 6.8 15.8 15.5 35.4 106.4 47.5 38.3 10.5 14.6 1072.4 3725.2 2249.4 1475.8 711.8 181.9936.5 100.8 88.5 1125.9 19.4 92.0 11.5 10.3 7.2 7.3 1.2 26.0 61.4 236.3 13.9 4.5 8.1 33.5 4.3 9.5 9.1 10.6 94.0 124.0 21.3 6.3 8.9 89.7 9.5 2.6 47.1 10.0 21.6 15.4 10.9 126.2 3.2 78.5 17.5 12.0 31.0 5.1 14.3 81.7 7.4 29.7 961.3 73.4 12.0 17.8 3.4 88.3 23.9 60.9 279.6 10.6 26.8 24.7 69.9 132.0 39.6 4.2 318.9 15.4 119.5 61.7 245.5 28.0 6.8 16.0 15.9 39.4 104.6 49.6 41.7 12.5 14.9 1134.1 3869.1 2292.3 1576.8 720.9 183.2939.8 99.9 90.8 1130.5 20.7 94.2 11.8 10.5 7.9 7.1 1.2 28.3 60.4 242.1 14.0 5.4 7.5 33.5 4.8 9.9 9.2 11.0 93.1 122.4 21.1 7.4 9.3 86.7 9.8 2.8 50.1 10.2 22.4 16.0 10.5 126.1 3.8 79.3 17.2 12.2 31.1 5.1 13.7 83.0 5.1 30.7 964.2 80.5 12.2 19.5 3.9 88.2 24.5 63.9 292.8 11.0 29.8 24.8 73.2 138.9 40.8 4.3 327.8 13.8 121.9 60.7 248.8 28.0 7.0 15.3 14.8 43.1 104.6 49.4 42.6 12.2 15.7 1150.9 3919.3 2306.2 1613.1 725.1 181.2930.7 99.4 89.7 1119.7 21.7 95.8 13.2 10.7 8.3 6.9 1.4 29.5 61.1 248.6 14.2 4.8 8.8 33.4 5.0 9.8 9.4 10.6 93.0 123.6 22.1 7.8 9.3 86.7 10.3 2.8 50.8 10.5 23.3 14.4 10.3 130.3 3.4 79.3 17.2 12.6 32.8 5.0 14.2 82.3 5.1 31.4 974.3 87.4 11.9 17.7 4.5 92.3 26.3 58.8 298.9 11.5 28.7 25.3 73.2 138.7 42.1 4.3 354.5 15.0 128.3 58.5 239.6 28.9 7.1 17.6 13.3 46.4 104.7 49.2 42.2 12.0 15.5 1179.2 3959.3 2292.7 1666.7 726.4 187.1928.8 102.3 92.0 1123.1 24.0 101.8 17.0 10.7 8.5 7.1 1.7 29.7 61.6 262.1 13.4 4.5 8.0 33.7 4.8 9.7 9.4 10.6 91.4 112.5 21.7 7.7 9.4 84.0 11.3 2.8 50.7 10.7 24.2 14.4 10.3 130.0 3.6 80.3 16.9 11.3 33.6 5.2 14.7 79.2 4.6 32.4 957.3 89.4 12.4 17.9 5.3 98.0 28.2 62.4 313.7 12.9 30.6 26.6 75.2 145.3 42.5 4.2 370.6 16.1 138.1 60.9 232.6 30.8 7.1 19.3 14.1 50.4 107.6 51.2 41.6 13.3 16.5 1216.9 4018.4 2278.9 1739.5 709.1 188.1875.4 101.2 91.6 1068.2 24.7 108.6 17.8 10.7 8.7 8.0 1.8 33.8 58.7 272.8 13.4 3.6 7.9 36.8 4.8 9.9 9.3 10.5 90.8 118.9 21.3 7.5 9.0 80.4 11.0 3.1 47.3 10.4 25.3 13.6 10.4 133.9 3.9 77.9 16.7 12.1 32.1 5.4 14.3 77.9 4.5 33.0 956.8 93.3 12.2 19.0 6.1 106.7 29.4 69.4 336.1 14.0 32.6 25.7 80.9 153.3 43.3 4.2 377.6 14.6 144.7 60.4 226.3 29.5 7.2 19.4 12.4 53.6 103.1 45.8 41.2 14.1 15.6 1213.0 4000.2 2211.6 1788.6 707.1 190.5833.2 95.0 88.5 1016.7 24.1 109.1 17.4 11.0 8.9 8.1 1.7 34.2 58.0 272.5 12.8 3.3 9.3 32.2 4.3 9.7 8.3 9.9 87.5 113.9 20.1 7.1 8.0 75.1 8.9 2.6 45.9 10.6 25.3 12.8 9.2 128.2 3.7 73.5 15.5 12.3 32.5 5.2 13.5 74.4 4.3 32.4 912.4 95.5 11.4 20.4 6.0 115.8 27.7 70.3 347.1 14.9 34.4 24.2 82.6 156.1 42.8 3.7 391.0 16.6 152.6 61.6 201.8 29.2 6.9 20.8 13.2 57.0 103.7 44.0 44.2 14.6 16.4 1219.9 3924.6 2099.5 1825.1 669.4 181.8850.1 101.3 88.5 1039.9 26.9 118.1 15.4 11.6 10.3 8.5 1.9 32.1 58.4 283.2 13.4 3.2 7.5 33.5 3.9 9.2 8.4 10.4 84.5 115.4 17.9 6.7 7.6 73.1 9.3 2.7 45.9 10.8 26.7 12.5 8.8 134.3 3.9 69.6 16.2 11.4 31.8 5.7 12.6 73.5 3.7 32.6 906.4 86.7 10.9 21.6 6.5 124.2 30.1 74.2 354.3 14.8 36.3 26.6 86.5 164.3 43.6 4.3 440.4 17.9 155.4 66.4 204.1 29.3 7.0 20.6 13.2 62.8 105.0 45.3 44.3 15.6 16.8 1292.0 4040.2 2115.8 1924.4 660.9 186.2834.9 105.0 90.3 1030.2 26.9 121.9 16.8 12.4 10.5 9.2 1.7 31.9 59.0 290.5 12.5 4.0 8.6 32.3 3.8 9.0 8.3 9.7 83.7 112.0 17.0 6.4 6.7 70.5 12.3 2.6 46.1 10.6 26.6 11.6 9.1 143.5 3.9 68.5 14.8 11.0 31.1 6.0 13.1 71.1 3.5 32.5 902.3 88.2 11.5 20.4 7.8 125.1 33.0 75.2 361.3 15.5 33.7 27.4 81.9 158.5 45.8 5.5 464.1 18.1 163.0 72.3 204.9 31.1 7.0 20.8 12.9 65.5 105.8 42.5 46.6 17.0 19.3 1342.3 4085.1 2093.3 1991.8 643.1 200.7817.0 104.3 92.3 1013.6 28.5 125.8 17.3 13.4 10.9 9.5 1.7 33.0 59.1 299.2 12.5 4.2 8.6 30.4 3.9 8.9 7.8 9.0 81.0 111.4 15.1 5.9 6.5 64.2 13.1 2.7 43.7 10.5 25.7 10.9 9.2 148.9 3.6 64.2 14.6 11.2 31.4 6.1 12.5 71.0 3.3 32.0 884.2 89.5 13.6 21.6 8.0 131.3 34.3 79.5 377.7 16.7 35.2 27.3 86.8 166.1 47.3 5.8 490.1 17.3 173.6 73.2 217.8 30.7 7.0 20.0 13.0 65.4 108.8 41.9 49.6 17.2 19.5 1398.1 4138.9 2072.9 2066.0 618.8 206.9Change 2013 over 2012 2013831.0 103.5 89.7 1024.2 29.4 132.7 17.6 13.9 11.6 10.0 1.8 36.2 58.4 311.6 12.5 4.6 8.7 31.0 4.1 8.6 7.8 8.9 80.3 112.1 14.0 6.0 6.7 61.8 13.8 2.7 41.4 10.6 24.0 10.8 9.0 153.1 3.5 59.3 14.3 11.8 33.1 6.3 12.2 69.8 3.3 32.5 878.6 92.9 10.6 21.8 8.5 135.0 35.6 80.5 384.8 17.5 35.7 27.2 90.5 170.9 47.0 5.7 507.4 17.7 175.2 73.8 208.9 31.2 7.1 22.0 13.7 65.9 108.4 43.4 50.4 17.4 19.6 1415.0 4185.1 2059.9 2125.1 605.2 212.22.0% -0.5% -2.6% 1.3% 3.6% 5.8% 2.0% 4.0% 6.3% 5.3% 6.3% 10.2% -1.0% 4.4% 0.6% 9.8% 0.7% 2.5% 4.2% -3.9% 0.5% -1.7% -0.6% 0.9% -7.1% 1.6% 4.7% -3.6% 5.9% 1.4% -4.9% 1.0% -6.2% -0.8% -1.7% 3.1% -1.3% -7.3% -2.0% 5.0% 5.7% 2.8% -2.7% -1.4% 2.1% 1.6% -0.4% 4.0% -21.9% 1.2% 7.1% 3.1% 4.2% 1.5% 2.2% 5.0% 1.5% -0.1% 4.6% 3.2% -0.4% -1.7% 3.8% 2.6% 1.2% 1.1% -3.8% 2.0% 2.1% 10.3% 5.5% 1.1% ◆3.9% 2.0% 2.0% 0.8% 1.5% 1.4% -0.4% 3.1% -1.9% 2.8%2013 share of total19.9% 2.5% 2.1% 24.5% 0.7% 3.2% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ♦0.9% 1.4% 7.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 1.9% 2.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.1% 1.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.0% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.2% 0.9% 1.9% 9.2% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.2% 4.1% 1.1% 0.1% 12.1% 0.4% 4.2% 1.8% 5.0% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.2% 0.4% 0.5% 33.8% 100.0% 49.2% 50.8% 14.5% 5.1%*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.◆ ess L11 Production by regionConsumption by regionMillion barrels dailyMillion barrels daily 1008040302020101350300860400370509880609390708810090Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America1008893980308130World oil production increased by just 550,000 b/d in 2013, less than half the growth of global consumption. Global consumption grew by an above-average 1.4 million b/d, with emerging economies accounting for all of the net increase. Even so, the US had the biggest increase in the world for consumption, as well as production, which grew by 400,000 b/d and 1.1 million b/d respectively. OPEC output fell by 600,000 b/d, driven by a decline of 520,000 b/d in Libya.Consumption per capita 2013 Tonnes0-0.75 0.75-1.5 1.5-2.25 2.25-3.0 > 3.012 Regional consumption by product group Thousand barrels dailyNorth America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total North America of which: US Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total US S. & Cent. America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total S. & Cent. America Europe Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Europe Former Soviet Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Former Soviet Union Middle East Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Middle East Africa Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Africa Asia Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Asia Pacific of which: China Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total China of which: Japan Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Japan World Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total World OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total OECD Non-OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Non-OECD European Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total European UnionChange 2013 over 2012 20132013 share of total200320042005200620072008200920102011201210666 6860 1253 5392 2417010978 7133 1340 5572 2502311019 7249 1396 5455 2511911131 7297 1055 5519 2500211200 7318 1081 5509 2510910859 6934 941 5126 2386010839 6281 801 5035 2295710943 6567 810 5190 2351010697 6694 745 5193 2332910574 6408 660 5306 2294810709 6531 578 5473 232921.3% 1.9% -12.5% 3.2% 1.5%46.0% 28.0% 2.5% 23.5% 100.0%9275 5886 763 4109 200339518 6116 859 4239 207329548 6198 914 4143 208029599 6226 683 4178 206879597 6199 718 4166 206809253 5801 609 3827 194909257 5241 508 3766 187719263 5464 532 3921 191809022 5518 459 3883 188828932 5278 367 3913 184909056 5365 320 4146 188871.4% 1.7% -12.9% 6.0% 2.1%47.9% 28.4% 1.7% 22.0% 100.0%1382 1729 708 1052 48721400 1872 713 1071 50561465 1884 714 1136 52001498 1912 732 1198 53401588 2100 746 1227 56611667 2161 747 1307 58811768 2137 725 1283 59131846 2343 699 1267 61551877 2471 659 1299 63061938 2587 664 1289 64782039 2712 678 1345 67755.2% 4.9% 2.1% 4.4% 4.6%30.1% 40.0% 10.0% 19.9% 100.0%4033 7129 1831 3080 160733993 7338 1751 3141 162223890 7527 1746 3194 163583757 7703 1711 3241 164143683 7583 1611 3212 160893481 7802 1545 3144 159733405 7532 1378 2978 152943350 7548 1256 2950 151043125 7524 1189 2878 147163002 7413 1060 2728 142032941 7439 957 2749 14086-2.0% 0.3% -9.7% 0.8% -0.8%20.9% 52.8% 6.8% 19.5% 100.0%1079 1089 605 1040 38141081 1124 542 1094 38401097 1152 521 1059 38291138 1203 573 1029 39431206 1285 461 1042 39931264 1345 436 996 40401234 1221 408 1024 38871292 1334 380 977 39841297 1481 384 1131 42931338 1540 376 1180 44341362 1573 391 1233 45591.8% 2.2% 4.0% 4.4% 2.8%29.9% 34.5% 8.6% 27.0% 100.0%1258 1804 1392 1216 56701318 1908 1447 1267 59411404 2046 1478 1407 63351478 2092 1482 1403 64561505 2240 1590 1420 67551612 2287 1760 1548 72061643 2390 1894 1581 75081706 2425 1927 1709 77671784 2544 1957 1719 80041866 2667 2036 1785 83531915 2662 2106 1843 85262.6% -0.2% 3.5% 3.3% 2.1%22.5% 31.2% 24.7% 21.6% 100.0%643 1168 395 448 2654678 1201 403 490 2771705 1256 457 502 2920689 1312 422 503 2927710 1413 421 524 3068766 1498 432 540 3235799 1519 431 557 3306840 1616 453 570 3479824 1621 383 548 3374872 1663 415 570 3519872 1734 442 577 3624◆4.2% 6.5% 1.2% 3.0%24.1% 47.8% 12.2% 15.9% 100.0%6460 8356 3473 4673 229626810 8799 3492 5101 242026968 9045 3473 5143 246297202 9129 3622 5291 252447553 9288 3626 5613 260807625 9394 3458 5475 259527998 9453 3124 5672 262478610 9916 3131 6145 278028875 10321 3251 6464 289129237 10717 3425 6619 299979604 10829 3253 6783 304704.0% 1.1% -5.0% 2.5% 1.6%31.5% 35.5% 10.7% 22.3% 100.0%1498 1938 869 1467 57711681 2277 943 1838 67401787 2518 893 1746 69451938 2713 989 1860 75002048 2869 923 2020 78602202 3079 804 1909 79942377 3178 713 2038 83062767 3430 715 2404 93172970 3660 662 2574 98673130 3951 694 2592 103673329 4001 751 2676 107566.4% 1.2% 8.3% 3.2% 3.8%30.9% 37.2% 7.0% 24.9% 100.0%1755 1913 749 1039 54561766 1869 653 1019 53081817 1878 676 1021 53911794 1760 657 999 52101770 1621 657 1005 50531650 1502 707 1024 48821669 1381 450 922 44221728 1391 442 913 44741664 1343 577 887 44701636 1360 811 901 47091663 1352 639 895 45511.7% -0.5% -21.2% -0.6% -3.4%36.6% 29.7% 14.0% 19.7% 100.0%25522 28135 9658 16902 8021626258 29375 9688 17734 8305526549 30159 9786 17896 8438926893 30649 9599 18185 8532527444 31227 9536 18547 8675427273 31420 9318 18137 8614727685 30534 8761 18131 8511128588 31749 8657 18807 8780128480 32656 8567 19231 8893428826 32994 8636 19476 8993129442 33480 8405 20003 913312.1% 1.5% -2.7% 2.7% 1.6%32.2% 36.7% 9.2% 21.9% 100.0%17741 16906 4230 10057 4893417984 17329 4138 10262 4971318021 17669 4203 10185 5007818009 17783 3799 10297 4988818098 17609 3717 10266 4969017412 17303 3508 9862 4808517390 16226 2908 9533 4605717548 16576 2768 9617 4650917080 16668 2745 9546 4604016911 16344 2773 9517 4554517014 16480 2370 9693 455580.6% 0.8% -14.5% 1.8%37.3% 36.2% 5.2% 21.3% 100.0%7782 11228 5427 6845 312828273 12046 5550 7473 333428528 12490 5583 7711 343118883 12866 5800 7888 354379346 13618 5819 8281 370649861 14117 5810 8275 3806210295 14308 5853 8598 3905411040 15173 5889 9189 4129211400 15988 5821 9684 4289411915 16649 5863 9959 4438612428 16999 6035 10311 457734.3% 2.1% 2.9% 3.5% 3.1%27.2% 37.1% 13.2% 22.5% 100.0%3805 6621 1649 2793 148663755 6810 1601 2835 150023665 6981 1603 2874 151233528 7114 1587 2895 151223476 6978 1502 2846 148023290 7160 1451 2810 147103185 6892 1289 2611 139773142 6920 1190 2575 138272933 6885 1118 2520 134552816 6750 992 2389 129462753 6735 889 2393 12770-2.2% -0.2% -10.4% 0.2% -1.4%21.6% 52.7% 7.0% 18.7% 100.0%◆◆ ess Lthan 0.05%. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. ‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF). ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.13 Product consumption by region Million barrels dailyMiddle distillatesLight distillates0708091011121320151050625100530150430Europe S. & Cent. America North America3520033525Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Former Soviet Union5003040506070809101112130OthersFuel oil 3530080910111213105071510062015052520043025033550030405060708Rotterdam product prices101112130US Gulf Coast product pricesUS dollars per barrel09US dollars per barrel 160Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil140160Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil140120 10000010203040506070809101112 134020 996040988060971008096120200Source: Platts.149697989900010203040506070809101112130Source: Platts. Spot crude prices Dubai $/bbl*1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Nigerian Forcados $/bblWest Texas Intermediate $/bbl‡11.63 12.38 13.03 29.75 35.69 34.32 31.80 28.78 28.06 27.53 13.10 16.95 13.27 15.62 20.45 16.63 17.17 14.93 14.74 16.10 18.52 18.23 12.21 17.25 26.20 22.81 23.74 26.78 33.64 49.35 61.50 68.19 94.34 61.39 78.06 106.18 109.08 105.47US dollars per barrelBrent $/bbl†12.80 13.92 14.02 31.61 36.83 35.93 32.97 29.55 28.78 27.56 14.43 18.44 14.92 18.23 23.73 20.00 19.32 16.97 15.82 17.02 20.67 19.09 12.72 17.97 28.50 24.44 25.02 28.83 38.27 54.52 65.14 72.39 97.26 61.67 79.50 111.26 111.67 108.6612.87 14.21 13.65 29.25 36.98 36.18 33.29 29.54 28.14 27.75 14.46 18.39 15.00 18.30 23.85 20.11 19.61 17.41 16.25 17.26 21.16 19.33 12.62 18.00 28.42 24.23 25.04 28.66 38.13 55.69 67.07 74.48 101.43 63.35 81.05 113.65 114.21 111.9512.23 14.22 14.55 25.08 37.96 36.08 33.65 30.30 29.39 27.98 15.10 19.18 15.97 19.68 24.50 21.54 20.57 18.45 17.21 18.42 22.16 20.61 14.39 19.31 30.37 25.93 26.16 31.07 41.49 56.59 66.02 72.20 100.06 61.92 79.45 95.04 94.13 97.99*1976-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2013 Dubai dated. †1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2013 Brent dated. ‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2013 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.Source: Platts.Crude oil prices 1861-2013 US dollars per barrel World events Yom Kippur war Post-war reconstructionFears of shortage in US Growth of Venezuelan productionPennsylvanian oil boomRussian oil exports beganEast Texas field discoveredSumatra Discovery of production Spindletop, began TexasIranian revolutionLoss of Iranian suppliesNetback pricing introducedSuez crisisIraq invaded KuwaitAsian financial crisis Invasion of Iraq‘Arab Spring’120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1861-691870-79$ 2013 $ money of the day1880-891890-991900-091910-191920-291930-391940-491950-591960-691970-791980-891990-992000-092010-1901861-1944 US average. 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura. 1984-2013 Brent dated.15 Refinery capacities Thousand barrels daily*US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Netherlands Antilles Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Belgium France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Norway Russian Federation Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union200320042005200620072008200920102011201216894 1959 1463 20316 614 1915 320 1269 2229 6347 805 1967 2304 412 2485 1282 310 5320 1347 422 713 1813 5600 24780 1607 750 914 1894 645 1248 7058 3141 756 6295 2293 1057 4645 1255 2598 1159 1068 1416 22541 84182 44986 39196 15911 770217125 1915 1463 20503 617 1915 320 1284 2235 6371 782 1982 2320 412 2497 1284 310 5328 1372 422 693 1848 5576 24826 1642 750 936 2079 620 1248 7275 3058 763 6603 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1068 1408 22999 85033 45133 39900 15985 769017339 1896 1463 20698 621 1916 320 1291 2254 6402 778 1978 2322 418 2515 1274 316 5400 1377 422 613 1819 5539 24772 1642 753 936 2107 620 1248 7306 3154 711 7165 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1078 1431 23543 85875 45210 40665 15993 770217443 1914 1463 20821 617 1916 320 1294 2263 6410 774 1959 2390 425 2526 1274 316 5484 1362 422 613 1836 5427 24807 1727 758 936 2107 620 1298 7446 3017 694 7865 2872 1127 4588 1255 2633 1140 1125 1440 24739 87240 45459 41781 16023 772617594 1907 1463 20964 628 1935 320 1303 2313 6499 745 1962 2390 425 2497 1236 316 5498 1362 422 613 1819 5464 24750 1772 765 936 2107 625 1381 7586 3034 733 8399 2983 1150 4650 1255 2671 1197 1125 1452 25615 88447 45679 42768 15951 774117672 1951 1463 21086 628 2045 320 1303 2359 6655 745 1971 2366 425 2396 1280 316 5419 1362 422 613 1827 5450 24592 1805 754 936 2107 680 1390 7672 3148 734 8722 2992 1052 4650 1385 2712 1197 1195 1471 26110 89262 45780 43482 15825 771217584 1976 1463 21023 630 2093 320 1303 2328 6674 823 1873 2362 425 2396 1280 316 5401 1362 422 613 1757 5492 24521 1860 786 936 2107 700 1536 7925 3009 734 9479 3574 1085 4630 1385 2712 1197 1255 1634 27684 90836 45634 45202 15724 772017736 1951 1463 21151 633 2093 320 1303 2298 6647 813 1702 2091 440 2396 1274 316 5511 1416 422 613 1757 5606 24358 1860 907 936 2107 700 1541 8051 3203 740 10302 3703 1139 4291 1385 2712 1197 1260 1678 28407 91816 45115 46701 15425 785617322 2046 1606 20974 640 2010 320 1303 2195 6468 823 1610 2077 495 2311 1276 316 5589 1416 434 613 1787 5513 24262 1860 996 936 2117 705 1553 8167 3152 742 10834 3795 1116 4274 1395 2860 1197 1260 1697 29169 92192 45013 47178 15343 784017824 2063 1606 21492 645 2000 320 1303 1626 5894 786 1639 2097 498 2200 1274 316 5785 1537 434 613 1526 5220 23926 1892 1042 936 2122 710 1553 8255 3350 663 11933 4279 1041 4254 1395 2887 1197 1260 1704 30612 93529 45179 48350 15021 7856*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis. ◆ ess than 0.05%. L Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.Change 2013 over 2012 201317818 1965 1606 21389 663 2093 320 1353 1600 6029 810 1520 2061 498 2062 1274 316 6027 1537 434 613 1526 5208 23887 1970 1129 936 2522 710 1555 8822 3517 662 12598 4319 1072 4123 1395 2887 1197 1267 1765 31284 94929 44704 50225 14736 8068♦-4.7% – -0.5% 2.8% 4.6% – 3.8% -1.6% 2.3% 3.1% -7.2% -1.7% – -6.3% – – 4.2% – – – – -0.2% -0.2% 4.1% 8.3% – 18.9% – 0.1% 6.9% 5.0% -0.2% 5.6% 0.9% 3.0% -3.1% – – – 0.6% 3.6% 2.2% 1.5% -1.1% 3.9% -1.9% 2.7%2013 share of total18.8% 2.1% 1.7% 22.5% 0.7% 2.2% 0.3% 1.4% 1.7% 6.4% 0.9% 1.6% 2.2% 0.5% 2.2% 1.3% 0.3% 6.3% 1.6% 0.5% 0.6% 1.6% 5.5% 25.2% 2.1% 1.2% 1.0% 2.7% 0.7% 1.6% 9.3% 3.7% 0.7% 13.3% 4.5% 1.1% 4.3% 1.5% 3.0% 1.3% 1.3% 1.9% 33.0% 100.0% 47.1% 52.9% 15.5% 8.5%Source: Includes data from ICIS ATEC.Refinery through
Εισάγετε το όνομά σας. *
Εισάγετε το e-mail σας. *
Μήνυμα
Κάντε ένα σχόλιο για το άρθρο. Το μήνυμα σχολίου σας θα δημοσιοποιηθεί μετά από έγκριση από την αρμόδια Επιτροπή.
*

Σφάλμα

Εισάγετε το όνομά σας.

Σφάλμα

Εισάγετε το e-mail σας.

Σφάλμα

Εισάγετε μήνυμα σχολίου.

Σφάλμα

Προέκυψε ένα λάθος κατά την αποστολή του σχολίου σας, παρακαλώ δοκιμάστε ξανά αργότερα.

Μήνυμα

Το μήνυμα σχολίου απεστάλη επιτυχώς. Θα δημοσιευτεί το συντομότερο δυνατό μετά την έγκριση του από την αρμόδια Επιτροπή.